Kali is one of the many forms of Shakti. Maa Kali is also known as Kalika. Goddess Kali is related with eternal energy. In Hinduism Goddess Kali is assumed as most aggressive among all goddesses. The word Kali is taken from the Sanskrit word "Kaal", which means time. And nothing escapes from time. Goddess Kali is sometimes referred as the goddess of death. But actually Kali brings the death of the ego. Kali is considered a form of mother too Hence, Kali is considered the goddess of time and change. Although sometimes presented as dark and violent, She is assumed as figure of her eradication.

Kali is represented as the consort of Lord Shiva, on whose body she is often seen standing. She is associated with many other Hindu goddesses like Durga, Bhadrakali, Sati, Rudrani, Parvati and Chamunda.

Kali is strongly associated with Shiva, Lord of death (Kal).Maa Kali is like God Shiva because both of them are the destroyers of evil forces. 

Goddess Kali- the image

  • Goddess Kali has four arms and hands which show Her enormous power.
  • She holds a sword and a fresh cut head in two of her hands. These two things represent a battle in which she defeated the demon Raktabija.
  • The other two hands are there to bless her true devotees.
  • In her images she wears a garland made of 52 skulls and a skirt made of mutilated arms. It means that physical body has no importance and soul is the only reality.
  • Her black or sometimes dark blue skin represents the womb from which all of creation is born and into which all of creation will ultimately return.
Goddess Kali is seen standing with her one feet on Lord Shiva.

It is considered in Hinduism that once Kali had destroyed all the demons in battle, she began a terrific dance out of the sheer joy of victory. All the worlds began to tremble and sway under the impact of her dance. So, at the request of all the Gods, Shiva himself asked her to stop from this conduct. However, she was too intoxicated to listen. Hence, Shiva lay like a corpse among the slain demons in order to absorb the shock of the dance into himself. When Kali eventually stepped upon her husband she realized her mistake and bit her tongue in shame.

In Maa Kali's most famous legend, Maa Durga when wounded  the demon Raktabija and his blood spread on the earth then from every drop of blood a new Raktbija evolved. Then Maa Durga took the form of  Maa Kali and killed the demon by sucking the blood from his body and putting the many Raktbija clones in her mouth.

Another saying is that Maa Kali has destroyed the demons Chanda and Munda. From then Maa Kali is also known as the Chamunda devi.

Names of Maa Kali

She is also known as Kumari,  Tarini,  Vijaya, Jaya , Kausiki,  Uma, `destroyer of Kaitabha', mother of Skanda, Svaha, Svadha, Sarasvati, Savitri, `mother of the Vedas', Mahadevi, Mohini, Maya, Hari, Sri, Sandhya, Vindhyavasini, Chamunda, etc.

Goddess Kali is worshipped in all over India especially in West Bengal in form of Durga Puja during Navratries.

The famous temple (Shaktipeeth) of Maa Kali is situated in Kolkata in West Bengal where devotee from all over the country go for Her blessing.

Beej Mantra: Om Kreem Kalikaye Namah


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